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Sarsfield, R. & Garson, G. D. (2018). Research Design. Asheboro, NC: Statistical Associates Publishers.

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About G. David Garson
Table of Contents
ISBN: 978-1-62638-048-6
@c 2018 by G. David Garson and Statistical Associates Publishers. worldwide rights reserved in all languages and on all media. Permission is not granted to copy, distribute, or post e-books or passwords.


A noted multi-method researcher and widely published quantitative researcher join forces to present a treatment of research design which balances qualitative and quantitative approaches. Covers experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental designs; mixed designs; cross-sectional between-subjects and longitudinal within-subjects designs; randomization versus random sampling; sample selection; randomized control trials; and more.

New in the 2018 Edition:

  • New section on causality and five methods of analyzing it.
  • Presents qualitative and quantitative approaches as co-equal tools for social scientists, outlining the differences between and methodological justifications of each.
  • Examines implications of different research designs for matters as descriptive inferences, causal inferences, causal mechanisms, validity, bias, conceptualization, measurement, theory development, and theory testing.
  • Presents over two dozen different research designs, including embedded and triangulation designs.
  • New coverage of qualitative research designs based on case study, ethnographic approaches, narrative analysis, grounded theory, and phenomenology.
  • New coverage of analytical qualitative approaches such as crisp and fuzzy-set configurational analysis (QCA) and narrative policy framework analysis.
  • New section on ethical considerations in research design.
  • Over twice the detail and length of the 2013 edition.

    The full content is now available from Statistical Associates Publishers. Click here.

    Below is the unformatted table of contents.

    Table of Contents
    Overview	6
    Causality	19
    Method of agreement	22
    Method of disagreement	22
    The joint method	22
    Method of concomitant variation	23
    Method of residues	25
    Experimental designs	25
    Control groups and experimental design	25
    Randomized control trials vs. randomized trials	27
    Observational design	28
    Randomization vs. random sampling	30
    Experimental vs. quasi-experimental research	31
    Settings for experimental research	33
    Randomized control trials	36
    Background	36
    Blinding	38
    Trial length	39
    Handling missing cases	39
    Trial design	40
    Between-subjects vs. within-subjects designs	40
    Overview	40
    Between-subjects designs	41
    Within-subjects designs (repeated measures)	42
    Matched pairs designs	43
    Example comparing between- and within-subjects designs	44
    More types of experimental design	45
    Factorial designs	45
    Full factorial design	46
    Fully-crossed vs. incomplete factorial designs	47
    Balanced vs. unbalanced designs	47
    Completely randomized design	47
    Block designs	47
    Randomized block designs	47
    Latin square designs	48
    Graeco-Latin square designs	50
    Randomized complete block design (RCBD ANOVA)	50
    Split plot designs	52
    Mixed experimental design models	53
    Pretest-posttest designs	53
    Other forms of randomization	54
    Lottery designs	55
    Waiting list designs	55
    Mandated control designs	55
    Equivalent time series designs	55
    Spatial separation designs	55
    Mandated change/unknown solution designs	56
    Tie-breaking designs	56
    Indifference curve designs	56
    Quasi-Experimental Designs	56
    Definition	56
    One-group posttest-only design	57
    Posttest-only design with nonequivalent comparison groups design	57
    Posttest-only design with predicted higher-order interactions	58
    One-group pretest-posttest design	58
    Cross-lagged panel design	58
    Pretest-posttest design with before-after samples	60
    Multiple-group pretest-posttest regression point displacement design	60
    Two-group pretest-posttest design using an untreated control group	61
    Double or multiple pretest designs	61
    Four-group design with pretest-posttest and posttest-only groups	61
    Nonequivalent dependent variables pretest-posttest design	62
    Repeated-treatment design	62
    Switching replications designs	63
    Reversed-treatment pretest-posttest nonequivalent comparison groups design	63
    Cohort designs with cyclical turnover	63
    Interrupted time series designs	64
    One-group time series regression-discontinuity design	64
    Interrupted time series with a nonequivalent no-treatment comparison group	65
    Interrupted time series with nonequivalent dependent variables	65
    Interrupted time series with removed treatment	66
    Interrupted time series with multiple replications	66
    Interrupted time series with switching replications	66
    Mixed methods designs	66
    Overview	66
    Types of mixed design	67
    Triangulation	67
    Types of triangulation	67
    Handling conflicting results	68
    Embedded designs	69
    Overview	69
    Embedded experimental designs	69
    Embedded correlational designs	71
    Configurational analysis	72
    Overview	72
    Longitudinal pattern matching	74
    Research design considerations	75
    Fuzzy-set QCA	76
    fsQCA software	77
    Qualitative designs	78
    Overview	78
    Case study design	79
    Ethnographic design	83
    Narrative analysis design	87
    Purpose	88
    Case selection	88
    Design	88
    Methods	90
    Report organization	92
    Narrative policy framework (NPF) analysis	93
    Summary	95
    Grounded theory design	96
    Phenomenological design	102
    Ethical considerations	106
    Frequently Asked Questions	107
    Is a quasi-experimental design ever preferable to an experimental design?	107
    Explaining the controversy about endogeneity in quasi-experimental research	107
    Is qualitative research a t ype of quasi-experimental design?	111
    How do I handle the problem of sample attrition in designs which involve observations at two or more time periods?	112
    What should I report in a randomized control trial experiment?	112
    Bibliography	115
    Pagecount: 136